Over 10,000 financial glossary terms...
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Backed In Definition:
In the context of general equities, to describe the result of unanticipated events that allow for a purchase at a discount or a sale at a premium.
Backup Line Definition:
A commercial paper issuer's bank line of credit covering maturing notes if, for some reason, selling new notes to cover the maturing notes is not possible.
Backup Line Of Credit Definition:
A bank assurance of funds obtained by an issuer of commercial paper to protect the CP investor from default. The issuer pays a commitment fee to the bank.
A market condition in which futures prices are lower in the distant delivery months than in the nearest delivery month. This may occur when the costs of storing the product until eventual delivery are effectively subtracted from the price today. The opposite of contango.
Market situation in which futures prices are progressively lower in the distant delivery months. For instance, if the gold quotation for January is $360.00 per ounce and that for June is $355.00 per ounce, the backwardation for five months against January is $5.00 per ounce. (Backwardation is the opposite of contango ). See Inverted Market.
Bad Debt Definition:
A debt that is written off and deemed uncollectible.
Bad Title Definition:
Title to property that does not distinctly confer ownership, usually in the context of real estate.
Two-sided market picture, in Japanese terminology applies mainly to international equities.
Bailing Out Definition:
In the context of securities, refers to selling a security or commodity quickly, regardless of the price. May occur when an investor no longer wants to sustain further losses on a stock. Also refers to relieving an individual, corporation, or government entity in financial trouble.
Bailout Bond Definition:
A bond issued by the Resolution Funding Corporation (Refcorp) to save the failing savings and loan associations in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
Baker Plan Definition:
A plan by former U.S. Treasury Secretary James Baker under which 15 principal middle-income debtor countries (the Baker 15) would undertake growth-oriented structural reforms, to be supported by increased financing from the World Bank and continued lending from commercial banks.
Balance Of Payments Definition:
A statistical compilation formulated by a sovereign nation of all economic transactions between residents of that nation and residents of all other nations during a stipulated period of time, usually a calendar year.
Balance Of Trade Definition:
Net flow of goods (exports minus imports) between two countries.
Balance On Goods And Services Definition:
Netting of transaction balances, including the net amount of payments of interest and dividends to foreign investors and investments, as well as receipts and payments resulting from international tourism. Also known as Trade Balance.
Balance Sheet Definition:
Also called the statement of financial condition, it is a summary of a company's assets, liabilities, and owners' equity.
Balanced Budget Definition:
A budget in which the income equals expenditure. See: budget.
Balanced Fund Definition:
An investment company that invests in stocks and bonds. The same as a balanced mutual fund.