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Searched for Open bank assistance (OBA)

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Open Bank Assistance (OBA)
Definition: A resolution method in which an insured bank in danger of failing receives assistance in the form of a direct loan, an assisted merger, or a purchase of assets. OBA usually entails a change in bank management and requires substantial dilution of shareholder interest in the troubled institution. Originally, as provided in the FDI Act, the FDIC could grant open bank assistance only if the institution's continued operation was deemed "essential." With the passage of the Garn-St Germain Depository Institutions Act of 1982, an institution could receive assistance if the cost of the assistance was less than the cost of liquidating the institution. When FDICIA was enacted in 1991, OBA had to be deemed least costly to the insurance fund of all possible resolution methods. A later amendment to FDICIA prohibited providing assistance to the shareholders of a troubled institution.