Finance Globe

U.S. financial and economic topics from several finance writers.
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How Your Income Can Affect Your Credit Score

Even though the banks that issue credit cards and loans consider your income when they qualify your application, how much you make isn’t a factor that influences your credit score. In fact, your income isn’t even listed on your credit report (your current employer is listed, but that doesn’t affect your credit score either). Credit scoring calculations don’t use your income to determine your creditworthiness, but your salary and wages can still have an impact on your credit score.

Payment history, for example, is the most important factor influencing your credit score. Paying your bills on time will help your credit score and late payments can leave your score in shambles. Of course, your income has a big impact on whether you can afford to pay your bills. If you don’t make enough money to cover all your monthly expenses, you might get behind on payments leading to late payments, collections, or worse, repossession, foreclosure, or bankruptcy.

The amount of debt you have is another major factor in your credit score. Having a good income can allow you to reduce your debt, therefore improving your credit score. If your income isn’t enough to pay down your debt, your credit score may remain stagnant. Or, if you’re relying on debt because you can’t afford to pay your bills, your credit score may drop.

Having various types of accounts – both installment loans and credit cards – can help boost your credit score. Mix of credit is just 10% of your score, but it can still make a difference. Having a mortgage on your credit report can add points to your credit score. But to qualify for a mortgage, you need to have a certain income.

Traditional credit scores don’t include your income, but banks may have their own in-house scoring methods that do use your income, among other factors the bank considers. These scores aren’t available to the public and your bank may not even disclose the score if you ask. Your income is necessary for the bank to decide what size loan you can afford to repay.

Of course, these aren’t hard rules. There are people with little income who pay all their bills on time and people with large incomes who habitually pay late. It’s all about how you handle the income you have. Make your required expenses a priority, especially those regularly reported to the credit bureaus. Know the factors that influence your credit score – payment history, amount of debt, age of credit history, types of accounts, and recent applications. Keep these in mind with each financial decision you make.
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Monday, 14 October 2019

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